Every school/college should have a stable, embedded programme of careerlinked education and guidance having trained career professionals responsible for it with the explicit backing of the senior management. The careers programme should be published on the school/college website in a way that enables students, parents, teachers and employers to access and give feedback.
By the age of 14, all students should have access to authentic information about occupations and the labour market to plan their career path and study options. Teachers/Parents should be encouraged to access the career website to support children.
Students have different career planning needs at different stages. Some have to attend universities and others don’t have such plans. So, personalised career assessment and career dashboard should be provided to each student. School should keep systematic records of the advice given to each student and keep a track of their education or employment destinations after they leave school.
All teachers should link curriculum learning with occupations and highlight the relevance of subjects for a wide range of future career paths. By the age of 12, every student should have a clear knowledge of "which subject is useful for which career".
Every student should have multiple opportunities to learn from employers about work, employment and the skills that are valued in the workplace. This can be through a range of enrichment activities including visiting speakers, mentoring and job shadowing schemes. Every year, from the age of 12 onwards, students should participate in at least one meaningful visit at the work-place in which the student learns about the nature of the work and skills required to be successful.
Our report found that (in comparison to 81% of European schools) only 0.001% of Indian schools are offering their students a meaningful experience of the workplace by the end of class 11-12th. Every student from class 11 onwards should have a minimum one part-time summer work experience to help their exploration of employability skills and expansion of networks. By the age of 18, every student should have had one further such experience, additional to any part-time jobs they may have.
By the age of 15, all students should understand the full range of learning opportunities that are available to them. This includes both academic and vocational routes and learning in schools, colleges, universities and the workplace. This should include at least two visits to different universities/institutes to meet staff and students.
Every student should have opportunities to meet with a career professional, whenever significant study or career choices are being made. Every student should have at least one such interaction by the age of 14, and the opportunity for a further meeting by the age of 17.